Performance And Data Protection Benefits of RAID Arrays

RAID, often known as a redundant array of independent drives, is a storage method created to improve the performance and security of organizational data resources. RAID systems achieve this through a combination of operational strategies that offer variable degrees of improved performance and/or protection and hardware redundancy.

In this post, we’ll go into great length on how RAID functions, what parts of RAID storage clients need to be most concerned about, and what happens if a RAID array fails.

What Is This RAID?

Different RAID levels are implemented using three fundamental methods. Only one of these strategies is utilized for some RAID levels, whereas they are combined for other RAID levels.

Striping discs

With disc striping, numerous physical discs function as a single logical unit. Multiple storage devices are used to split up and store large blocks of data, which has various benefits.

  • To make resource management simpler, a process enables access to the underlying physical discs to be accessible as a single logical volume rather than individually.
  • Multithreading read and write operations across several drives simultaneously improves I/O performance.

Disk striping’s lack of resilience is one of its drawbacks. It might be impossible to access any of the data on the other drives across which the data was stripped if one of the discs fails. If a hot-swapping high-availability system is not present, significant quantities of data may be lost.

Mirroring a disc

Data is written to numerous discs at once using a technique called disc mirroring. In a strict sense, it is not a backup technique, but it does protect data by making it accessible on several physical devices.

Data resilience and redundancy are provided through mirroring. Without affecting system performance, the mirrored disc can be used right away in the event of a disc failure. For systems that are online and mission-critical and cannot afford downtime, this feature is absolutely essential.


Parity is a further crucial idea in RAID. Redundancy data is calculated for each item of data written to a disc during parity error checking. The information on failing drives is rebuilt using the parity data along with any additional data.

Data must be read and compared from many locations when parity error checking is used, which might slow down system performance.

What Benefits Do the Various RAID Levels Offer?

Understanding the capabilities that the various RAID levels offer is crucial when determining the sort of disc storage needed by an online system or application. This information will enable you to choose your cloud VPS provider’s storage options wisely.

Here is a summary of the benefits and cons of the various RAID implementation options.


RAID 0 is just parity-free striping over two or more discs. It functions best in non-critical applications that need fast read and write speeds.

Benefits – Strong reading and writing abilities are offered.

Cons- There is no data redundancy, which means that if one disc fails, all data is gone.

Hardware specifications – Two or more disc drives are necessary.


RAID 1- Data is replicated in RAID 1 across two or more drives without parity. For systems that demand high levels of performance and availability, this level of RAID is suitable.

Benefits – High availability and improved data security are offered.

Cons-  The cost of hardware increases when data is duplicated over numerous discs.

Hardware specifications – Two or more disc drives are necessary.


With distributed, interleaved parity, RAID 5 uses disc striping. There isn’t a separate parity disc used. When there are fewer drives available, this level of RAID provides protection.

Benefits – The array can continue to operate with reduced performance if one drive fails.

Cons-  If two discs fail, the array will not function.

Hardware specifications – Three or more disc drives are necessary.


Disk striping is combined with dual distributed parity in RAID 6. It works well for business-critical applications and long-term data retention.

Benefits: The array is able to survive the failure of two discs.

Cons-  If more than two discs fail, the array will fail.

Hardware specifications – Three or more disc drives are necessary.


Without using parity, RAID 10 combines RAID 1 and RAID 0. RAID 10 is effective in reducing downtime and handling high I/O demands.

Benefits: The array may survive the failure of several drives.

Cons: This RAID level necessitates the addition of more disc drives.

Hardware specifications – At least four disc drives are needed in terms of hardware.


RAID 50 combines the disc striping of RAID 0 with the distributed parity of RAID 5.

Benefits – RAID 50 allows for improved write performance, increased data security, and quicker rebuilds.

Cons: This RAID level necessitates the addition of more disc drives.

Hardware specifications – Six or more disc drives are required.

Which Problems Affect RAID Arrays?

RAID arrays can fail completely or partially for a variety of reasons. The best course of action when an array fails is to stop using it until the problems are fixed.

  • The array is operated under the control of a RAID controller. Power surges or other difficulties could cause the controller to malfunction. The RAID array may have a number of issues as a result of this issue, including the system’s failure to boot.
  • Corrupt discs might lead to missing RAID partitions and improper operation.
  • Data access problems or a complete RAID failure might occur when a RAID volume is incorrectly rebuilt.
  • The entire array may fail if many discs fail. Running the array in degraded mode when a disc is failing increases the chance of a complete failure and ought to be avoided wherever possible.
  • The array might not be accessible if the host server crashes.

The amount of time required to rebuild a drive in the event of failure is mostly determined by its size. Drive failures that go unattended and a RAID array that performs poorly only make the issue worse and extend the time it takes to fix the system. It can take weeks or months to successfully rebuild large and complicated RAID arrays.

Should RAID Arrays Be Monitored?

To the aforementioned query, the easy response is “Yes.” You run the risk of losing data and having your system perform poorly without an effective monitoring plan.

To build the array, you can utilize specialized software tools that are given by the hardware makers. There are also more broad monitoring options that offer the necessary visibility into the logical and physical discs that make up the array.

The group in charge of setting up and maintaining the RAID system should be in charge of monitoring. To guarantee that your data is constantly available and secure, your provider will often perform this operation in the event of dedicated servers or virtual private servers (VPS) located in the cloud.

Some RAID Services You Should Look For.

For its dedicated hosting and VPS hosting customers, a lot of companies offer a variety of RAID configurations. Here are a few of their adaptable storage solutions.

Customers that purchase a dedicated cloud host can pick from the following packages.

  • RAID1 for SATA SSD
  • RAID10 for SATA SSD
  • RAID10 for NVMe SSD
  • Customers can build any degree of RAID because of completely scalable storage.


Customers who choose a virtual private server (VPS) solution for their cloud hosting requirements benefit from the performance and data protection of a highly redundant RAID 10 storage design.

Your firm will be able to continue operating profitably even when individual hardware components fail because data will still be accessible and optimal system performance will be preserved.

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